Attalea speciosa Mart. = Orbignya speciosa (Mart. ex Spreng.) Barb. Rodr Arecaceae
INCI: Orbignya oleifera seed oil
Purpose: oil for the care of all skin types. Hair treatments, massage oils, soaps.
Price: relatively cheap oil
The secret of healing: short-chain fatty acids, tocotrienols, sterols
My note: extremely fast absorption, discreet and pleasant smell and stability make this oil interesting. For me personally, it is the best oil for soap production.
Oral use: edible oil, but rarely used.
All sorts of miracles grow in the Brazilian forests. I don’t mean just giant anacondas or huge spiders. And in the plant world, apart from orchids, there are interesting species. Babassu palm is an aggressive and dominant species that covers large areas, which has proven to be a real blessing for cosmetics. People at first did not know what to do with this palm tree, but when oil was obtained from the edible fruit, it was immediately realized that success would follow. Apart from being a good edible oil in not very rich Brazil, it is a real boon in cosmetics.
Babassu palm oil literally disappears into the skin, without greasy films, without a feeling of heaviness on the skin. Not a publicity stunt, but the truth. The property of fast absorption is due to short-chain fatty acids (caprylic, capric, lauric) and very low viscosity. Therefore, it is ideal for all people who hate oils that are slowly absorbed, who don’t like the greasy feeling after a skin massage, for hair treatments it is ideal as well as coconut, for very light creams…there are many ideas how to use it. Babassu oil will speed up the absorption of other oils; it is excellent, like coconut, for intriguing macerates such as marigold macerate. If we add to all this a neutral-pleasant scent reminiscent of coconut, here’s why some people choose this oil over other, similar oils.
Of vitamin E, it contains α- γ- and δ-tocotrienol in the amount of 67-127mg/kg. Of phytosterols it contains 293-375mg/kg β-sitosterol, 106-158mg/kg Δ-5 avenasterol, 107-137mg/kg campesterol. It contains a total of 570-766mg/kg sterol, which is a fairly large amount for one butter, but slightly less than the content in coconut.
The fatty acid composition makes it one of the ideal high-foaming soap oils and it is one of my favourite soap oils. There are even modern surfactants, which are made by processing this butter, the most famous are sodium coco/babassu sulfate, sodium babassu-amphoactetate. Like coconut, it melts at the summer temperature and turns from butter into oil.
Quality requirement *
|Organoleptic characteristics||White pasty mass of neutral to slightly pleasant odor.|
|Refractive index of light at 40 °C||1.448 – 1.452|
|Free fatty acids (%)||maximum 1.0|
|Peroxide number mEq O2/Kg||maximum 10.0|
|Iodine number||14 - 20|
|Saponification number||245 - 256|
|Content of unsaponifiable matter (%)||maximum 1.2|
|Melting point||22-26 °C|
|Fatty acid content|
|C8:0 caprylic acid||2.6 - 7.3|
|C10:0 capric acid||1.2 - 7.6|
|C12:0 lauric acid||40.0 - 55.0|
|C14:0 myristic acid||11.0 - 27.0|
|C16:0 palmitic acid||5.2 - 11.0|
|C18:0 stearic acid||1.8 - 7.4|
|C18:1 oleic acid||9.0 - 20.0|
|C18:2 linoleic acid||1.4 - 6.6|
- The use of babassu oil as substrate to produce bioemulsifiers by Candida lipolytica. Sarubbo LA, Porto AL, Campos-Takaki GM. Can J Microbiol. 1999 May;45(5):423-6.
- Ethnopharmacological use of babassu (Orbignya phalerata Mart) in communities of babassu nut breakers in Maranhão, Brazil. Souza MH, Monteiro CA, Figueredo PM, Nascimento FR, Guerra RN. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Jan 7;133(1):1-5.
- A comparison of the physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of indaiá (Attalea dubia) and Babassu (Orbignya phalerata) oils. Ferreira BS, Faza LP, Le Hyaric M. ScientificWorldJournal. 2012;2012:532374.
- Effects of babassu nut oil on ischemia/reperfusion-induced leukocyte adhesion and macromolecular leakage in the microcirculation: observation in the hamster cheek pouch.
Barbosa Mdo C, Bouskela E, Cyrino FZ, Azevedo AP, Costa MC, de Souza Md, Santos DS, Barbosa FL, Guerra LF, Nascimento Mdo D. Lipids Health Dis. 2012 Nov 16;11:158.
- Comparative properties of Amazonian oils obtained by different extraction methods. Ferreira BS, de Almeida CG, Faza LP, de Almeida A, Diniz CG, da Silva VL, Grazul RM, Le Hyaric M. Molecules. 2011 Jul 13;16(7):5875-85.
- Analytical pyrolysis of the kernel and oil of babassu palm ( Orbignya phalerata ) Vinhal, Jonas O.; Lima, Claudio F.; Barbosa, Luiz C.A. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis , Volume 107 – May 1, 2014
- Unsaponifiable Matter in Plant Seed Oils. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013Edible Oil Processing, 2nd Edition Wolf Hamm (Editor), Richard J. Hamilton (Editor), Gijs Calliauw (Editor) July 2013, Wiley-Blackwell
- Vegetable Oils in Food Technology: Composition, Properties and Uses, Second Edition Frank D. Gunstone Blackwell Publishing 2011
- Bailey’s Industrial Oil and Fat Products (6 Volume Set) By Fereidoon Shahidi: Wiley-Interscience; 6 edition 2005