Mauritia flexuosa L.f., Arecaceae
INCI: Mauritia flexuosa fruit oil
Purpose: sunscreens, oil for mature skin, anti age, skin regeneration
Price: medium expensive
The secret of healing: carotenoids
My remark: I like buriti primarily because of its pleasant and unusual colour. I love it in oil blends, instead of sea-buckthorn pulp oil
Oral use: mostly not, although it is a healthy source of carotenoids.
Parrots have always been fascinating to me, because of their size. So I heard the name buriti palm in one of my favourite series about Amazon rainforest wildlife. Namely, the intensely red fruits of the buriti palm are a favourite food of the great parrots of the Amazon.
They are not accidentally red either- they contain a large amount of carotenoids. And the oil obtained from these fruits contains a large amount of carotenoids, more than rose hip seed oil, but less than sea-buckthorn pulp oil. Like all oils with carotenoids, which regenerate the skin and are a source of a natural, harmless form of vitamin A, buriti oil is used to care for mature skin, anti-age preparations, but above all in sunscreens. Carotenoids primarily prevent damage to the skin caused by UV radiation, that is sunbathing and tanning in solariums.
Buriti does not have as rich a fatty acid composition as rose hip seed oil, the composition is dominated by oleic acid. Perhaps the oil itself would not be anything special, if it were not for its characteristic colour. Namely, unlike other oils with carotenoids, which are mostly orange, the colour of buriti oil has a red-pink reflection in the background, which makes oil mixtures made with this oil pleasing to the eye.
The oil contains very high levels of carotenoids, over 252-1890mg/kg, and the main carotenoid is β-carotene, provitamin A. Therefore, buriti oil is a worthy replacement for carrot macerate. The content of tocopherols is 0.329-1.343g/kg of α-tocopherol, and 0.213-0.918g/kg of β-tocophero. The authors from  conclude that the oil, which is not industrial but is made by traditional methods, is far better because it contains higher levels of carotenoids and vitamin E.
Only the oil is absorbed quite slowly, but at the same time it is not intended to be used neat (undiluted) on the skin. It is usually mixed with other oils, from almond and hazelnut to kukui and macadamia oil. They will also accelerate its absorption through the skin. Buriti oil will give the creams an interesting orange-pink colour.
|Organoleptic characteristics||Clear to opalescent intense orange-red to red oil with a characteristic odor.|
|Relative density||0.900 - 0.930|
|Refractive index of light at 20 °C||1.4350 – 1.490|
|Acid number mg KOH/g||maximum 5.0|
|Peroxide value mEq O2/Kg||maximum 10.0|
|Content of unsaponifiable matter (%)||maximum 2.0|
|Water content||0.1 - 0.2|
|Fatty acid content (%)|
|C12:0 lauric acid||maximum 0.20|
|C14:0 myristic acid||maximum 0.20|
|C16:0 palmitic acid||9.0 - 12.0|
|C16:1 palmitoleic acid||0.10 - 0.30|
|C18:0 palmitoleic acid||1.5 – 5.0|
|C18:1 oleic acid||50.0 – 70.0|
|C18:2 linoleic acid||10-0 – 25.0|
|C18:3 α-linolenic acid||0.50 - 2.00|
|C20:0 arachidic acid||0.10 - 0.50|
*according to the specifications of several manufacturers. Minor deviations are possible.
- Identification and quantification of carotenoids, by HPLC-PDA-MS/MS, from Amazonian fruits. de Rosso VV, Mercadante AZ. J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Jun 27;55(13):5062-72.
- Photoprotective potential of emulsions formulated with Buriti oil (Mauritia flexuosa) against UV irradiation on keratinocytes and fibroblasts cell lines. Zanatta CF, Mitjans M, Urgatondo V, Rocha-Filho PA, Vinardell MP. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010 Jan;48(1):70-5.
- Low cytotoxicity of creams and lotions formulated with Buriti oil (Mauritia flexuosa) assessed by the neutral red release test. Zanatta CF, Ugartondo V, Mitjans M, Rocha-Filho PA, Vinardell MP. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008 Aug;46(8):2776-81.
- Rheological behavior, zeta potential, and accelerated stability tests of Buriti oil ( Mauritia flexuosa ) emulsions containing lyotropic liquid crystals Zanatta, Cinthia Fernanda; Sato, Anne Miwa Callejón de Faria; Camargo Junior, Flavio Bueno de;Campos, Patrícia Maria Berardo Gonçalves Maia; Rocha-Filho, Pedro Alves Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, Volume 36 (1) – Jan 1, 2010
- Characterization of Oil Extracted from Buriti Fruit ( Mauritia flexuosa ) Grown in the Brazilian Amazon Region Simone, Silva; Klicia, Sampaio; Thiago, Taham; Silvana, Rocco; Roberta, Ceriani; Antonio, Meirelles Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society , Volume 86 (7) – Jul 1, 2009
- Supercritical extraction of carotenoids and lipids fromburiti ( Mauritia flexuosa ), a fruit from the Amazon region Ferreira de França, Luiz; Reber, Georg; Meireles, M.Angela A; Machado, Nélio T; Brunner, Gerd The Journal of Supercritical Fluids , Volume 14 (3) – Mar 1, 1999