Moringa oil

moringa

Moringa oleifera Lam. = Guilandina moringa L. = Hyperanthera moringa (L.) Vahl, Moringaceae

INCI: Moringa oleifera seed oil

Purpose: skin care for all skin types, hair care

Price: medium expensive

The secret of healing: oleic acid, tocopherols

My remark: in all respects similar to marula seed oil: a high proportion of oleic acid for the care of all types of skin. Along with tiger nut oil (chufa oil) and olive oil, one of the oils rich in oleic acid for hair care

Oral use: yes, but rarely. Very stable during the frying process.

Moringa (drumstick tree, horseradish tree) is a low tree up to 15 meters high, it grows wild in northeastern India. It is extremely drought resistant and is grown in areas that have low rainfall. It is very popular for food use in its homeland, northern India. In cultivation, it is usually kept at the “bonsai” version, up to 2 meters high. The seeds from which the oil is obtained are located in large capsules up to 45cm long. Immature capsules and seeds are used as food.

Moringa oil belongs to the class of oils rich in oleic acid, similar to marula, olive oil, camellia seed oil and almond oil. It is quickly absorbed, has a very neutral scent and is used as another of the oils for general skin care, as well as hair treatments and shampoos.

The unsaponifiable matter content is not particularly impressive: it contains 15mg/kg α-tocopherol, 25mg/kg γ-tocopherol and 15mg/kg δ-tocopherol. Nevertheless, it is extremely stable due to the profile of fatty acids that are not prone to oxidation (oleic and palmitic acid).

Moringa oil can be of interest in light oil serums and emulsion systems for daily skin care, usually in combination with more nourishing oils. If we want to use it for dry skin, it is ideal to combine it with oils rich in α-linolenic acid such as lingonberry oil. You will get one very fine and extremely light nourishing serum. Combined with another oil rich in α-linolenic acid, kukui, you will get a very fast absorbing serum for dry and combination skin.

Quality requirement*
Basic characteristics 
Organoleptic characteristicsPale-yellow to yellow oil with a neutral odour.
Relative density0.900 - 0.925
Acid number mg KOH/gmaximum 10.0
Saponification number165 - 195
Peroxide value mEq O2/Kgmaximum 10.0
Fatty acid content (%)
C16:0 palmitic acid2.0 - 10.0
C18:0 stearic acidmaximum 6.0
C18:1 oleic acid60.0 - 80.0
C18:2 linoleic acidmaximum 1.0
C18:3 α-linolenic acidmaximum 1.0
C20:0 arachidic acidmaximum 5.0
C20:1 eicosenic acidmaximum 5.0
C22:0 behenic acid3.0 - 8.0

*based on manufacturer and references. According to [3], behenic acid is completely absent in Indian cultivars, while in some cultivars it is even higher (6-7%).

Useful references
  • Characterization of Moringa oleifera Seed Oil Variety “Periyakulam 1” Lalas, Stavros; Tsaknis, John Journal of Food Composition and Analysis , Volume 15 (1) – Feb 1, 2002
  • Quality characteristics and stability of Moringa oleifera seed oil of Indian origin.Ogunsina BS, Indira TN, Bhatnagar AS, Radha C, Debnath S, Gopala Krishna AG. J Food Sci Technol. 2014 Mar;51(3):503-10.
  • Oil and fatty acid diversity in genetically variable clones of Moringa oleifera from India. Banerji R, Bajpai A, Verma SC. J Oleo Sci. 2009;58(1):9-16.
  • Review: an exposition of medicinal preponderance of Moringa oleifera (Lank.). Hussain S, Malik F, Mahmood S. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2014 Mar;27(2):397-403
  • Some physico-chemical properties of Moringa oleifera seed oil extracted using solvent and aqueous enzymatic methods Abdulkarim, S.M.; Long, K.; Lai, O.M.; Muhammad, S.K.S.; Ghazali, H.M. Food Chemistry , Volume 93 (2) – Nov 1, 2005
  • Frying Stability of Moringa stenopetala Seed Oil Stavros, Lalas; Olga, Gortzi; John, Tsaknis Plant Foods for Human Nutrition , Volume 61 (2) – Jun 1, 2006
  • Moringa oleifera oil: A possible source of biodiesel Rashid, Umer; Anwar, Farooq; Moser, Bryan R.; Knothe, Gerhard Bioresource Technology , Volume 99 (17) – Nov 1, 2008
  • Moringa oleifera oil: Studies of characterization and biodiesel production da Silva, Jhosianna P.V.; Serra, Tatiana M.; Gossmann, Marcelo; Wolf, Carlos R.; Meneghetti, Mario R.; Meneghetti, Simoni M.P. Biomass and Bioenergy , Volume 34 (10) – Oct 1, 2010

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